Saturday, January 7, 2012
John 2:1-11 Wedding at Cana, Jesus brings people to him through signs
There was a wedding at Cana in Galilee,
and the mother of Jesus was there.
Jesus and his disciples were also invited to the wedding.
When the wine ran short,
the mother of Jesus said to him,
"They have no wine."
And Jesus said to her,
"Woman, how does your concern affect me?
My hour has not yet come."
His mother said to the servers,
"Do whatever he tells you."
Now there were six stone water jars there for Jewish ceremonial washings,
each holding twenty to thirty gallons.
Jesus told them,
"Fill the jars with water."
So they filled them to the brim.
Then he told them,
"Draw some out now and take it to the headwaiter."
So they took it.
And when the headwaiter tasted the water that had become wine,
without knowing where it came from
(although the servers who had drawn the water knew),
the headwaiter called the bridegroom and said to him,
"Everyone serves good wine first,
and then when people have drunk freely, an inferior one;
but you have kept the good wine until now."
Jesus did this as the beginning of his signs at Cana in Galilee
and so revealed his glory,
and his disciples began to believe in him.
In this passage, Jesus brings people to him through the miracle of turning the water into wine. This marks the first sign in the Gospel of John. Unlike the gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke, miracles do not require the faith of the people present, miracles or signs are meant to bring people to faith. Here, Jesus turns the water into wine to prevent disgrace from coming upon the host. If the host had run out of wine it would have been a fiasco and brought disgrace to his family. Also it is important to note that these jars to whom the waiter is referring are not small but huge cauldrons that were placed in the house to purify one's self. Some scholars believe that Mary's role is important because she is the one who directs Jesus to perform this miracle out of compassion for the host.